The Reverse Mortgage Dictionary
Definitions for Reverse Mortgage Terms and Concepts
Definition of a Reverse Mortgage
Reverse Mortgage: A Reverse Mortgage is a loan specifically designed for homeowners older than 62 years of age. You borrow money from your home that can be used for any purpose but you do not pay it back until you die, sell your home or permanently move out.
Definitions of the Terms and Concepts of Reverse Mortgages
1-Year Treasury Bill (T-Bill):The One-Year Treasury Bill (T-Bill) is the base interest rate the HECM product uses to determine your Reverse Mortgage interest rate.
1-Month Certificate of Deposit (CD): The 1-month Certificate of Deposit (CD) is the base interest rate the HomeKeeper product uses to determine your Reverse Mortgage interest rate.
6-Month London InterBank (LIBOR): The LIBOR is the base interest rate Financial Freedom’s Cash Account product uses to determine your Reverse Mortgage interest rate.
Appraisal: As with any mortgage, an appraisal is required. An appraisal is the process of inspecting a home’s condition and assessing the market value of the home. Typically the borrower pays for the appraisal as part of their closing costs.
Calculator / Reverse Mortgage Calculator: A Reverse Mortgage Calculator is a tool that calculates how much money you could borrow with a Reverse Mortgage. Some Reverse Mortgage Calculators also enable you to compare interest rates and other loan terms. You enter information about you and your home equity to get results from the Reverse Mortgage Calculator.
Cash (Lump Sum Cash Advance): Reverse Mortgage borrowers can receive their Reverse Mortgage payout in cash – a single lump sum.
Cash Account Advantage™ Reverse Mortgage from Financial Freedom: The Cash Advantage is a proprietary Jumbo Reverse Mortgage loan program. It is a good option for homeowners with a lot of equity in a high value home because the size of the loan is not restricted by government lending limits.
Closing Costs: Closing costs on a Reverse Mortgage are the costs a borrower must pay to secure a Reverse Mortgage. Reverse Mortgage closing costs are sometimes criticized for being too high, but they can actually be paid with the Reverse Mortgage itself, so there may be no out of pocket expenses. These fees may include an origination fee, title insurance, appraisal, lawyers, pest and other inspections, escrow, a credit report and more. There is typically very little difference in the closing costs on a government insured Reverse Mortgage, like the HECM. The origination fees are capped, the mortgage insurance premium is fixed, and the loan servicing fees vary by little more that $10-15/month from the different lenders. Closing costs on the proprietary reverse mortgages vary and in some cases are waived by the lender.
Counselor / Reverse Mortgage Counselor: The federal government mandates that all Reverse Mortgage candidates meet with an unbiased HUD approved counselor before completing a Reverse Mortgage application.
The counselor -- from a government-approved agency -- explains the advantages and disadvantages of a Reverse Mortgage.
The Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD): HUD defines itself as the Nation’s Housing Agency. It is a federal department committed to increasing homeownership. HUD is the creator of the HECM, the most popular and one of the first Reverse Mortgage products. The HECM is offered from qualified lenders.
Fannie Mae: Fannie Mae is a publicly traded company that works with the federal government to direct funds toward helping low, moderate and middle-income Americans in homeownership. Fannie Mae is the creator of the Homekeeper™, a type of Reverse Mortgage offered by qualified lenders.
Fannie Mae Homekeeper™: The Fannie Mae Homekeeper™ is one of the three most popular types of Reverse Mortgages. Each type of Reverse Mortgage calculates your loan amount differently and this is what most distinguishes each product from each other. The HomeKeeper has higher lending limits than the HECM product, but their loan amount calculations usually result is less loan money than the HECM.
Federally Insured: The HECM Reverse Mortgage product is federally insured. Being federally insured means that the federal government guarantees payment on any loan default.
Financial Freedom: Financial Freedom originates and services more Reverse Mortgages than any other lender in America. They offer the HECM and HomeKeeper as well as their own product, the Financial Freedom Cash Account – a Reverse Mortgage product specifically designed for high value homes.
Fully Indexed Rate: The Fully Indexed Rate is the interest rate that you pay on a Reverse Mortgage. There are two types of Fully Indexed Rates:
HECM: See Home Equity Conversion Mortgage.
Home Equity: Your home equity is the value of your home minus any balance on your mortgage. With a Reverse Mortgage, your mortgage and any other liens against your home must be paid off, but you can use the proceeds of your Reverse Mortgage to do this.
Home Equity Conversion Mortgage (HECM): The HECM is the most popular type of Reverse Mortgage. It typically provides the largest size Reverse Mortgage for a typical home. The HECM was designed by the Department of Housing and Urban Development/Federal Housing Administration (HUD) and is federally insured and regulated. The HECM is offered by approved lenders like Financial Freedom, Wells Fargo and others. There is typically little difference in the origination and closings costs charged by each lender.
Homekeeper™: See Fannie Mae HomeKeeper.
HUD: See The Department of Housing and Urban Development.
Index Base Rate: Different Reverse Mortgage loan programs use different Index Base Rates. An Index Base Rate is the interest rate of the publicly published financial index upon which the Fully Indexed Rate is based.
Interest Rate Caps: Interest Rate Caps are a preset maximum interest rate that may be charged over the life of the loan. The Fully Indexed Rate of the reverse mortgage loan can not exceed the Interest Rate Cap. The loan may or may not reach this maximum depending on the change in Index Base Rate.
Jumbo Reverse Mortgage: See Proprietary Reverse Mortgages.
Lender: A lender is the entity that offers you the loan. Any lender approved by HUD can offer the HECM or the Homekeeper product. Due to regulations on these products, lenders have very little ability to negotiate fees and costs on these loans.
Some lenders also offer their own proprietary Reverse Mortgage products like the Financial Freedom Cash Advantage Account.
Lending Limits: A lending limit is the maximum Reverse Mortgage loan amount that any home would qualify for. These limits differ for each type of reverse mortgage. Government insured reverse mortgage lending limits are determined by the county where you live and are the same for any home in that county. If you would like to see the lending limit in your zip code for government insured reverse mortgage, you can visit the HUD FHA mortgage limits website. Some proprietary reverse mortgages, like the Financial Freedom Cash Advantage Account™ have virtually no lending limits. Lending Limits are used along with your age and prevailing interest rates to determine your "Loan Amount."
Lien: A lien is a legal claim against property that acts as security against payment of debts. A mortgage loan is the most common type of lien.
All liens, including the outstanding balance on your mortgage must be paid when securing a Reverse Mortgage loan.
Line of Credit: A popular payout method for a Reverse Mortgage is a line of credit. The entire Reverse Mortgage loan amount is available to you in a Line of Credit, but you only pay interest on the funds you withdraw for use.
Loan Amount: Loan amount is the term that refers to the actual amount you are eligible to borrow with a Reverse Mortgage. The loan amount is determined by the lending limits of the particular Reverse Mortgage product, your home’s location as well as:
Modified Tenure: This is a Reverse Mortgage payout option that combines a line of credit with monthly payments (like an annuity). Other Reverse Mortgage payment options include: Line of Credit, Tenure, Cash and Term. And, Reverse Mortgage payouts can be customized with a mix of different payout options.
Mortgage Insurance: The HECM is the only product that requires mortgage insurance. The premium on the insurance is two percent of your home’s value or the maximum claim you could make on the home, whichever is less. There is also an annual premium of ˝ a percent of the loan balance. This is paid to the FHA by the borrower.
Origination Fee: As in most mortgages, Reverse Mortgages charge an Origination Fee – a fee charged by the lender for processing the application and making the loan.
These fees are similar for the different Reverse Mortgage programs. Don’t expect to be able to negotiate these fees much – if at all --between different lenders. All Reverse Mortgage programs enable the borrower to finance the entire amount of the origination fee as part of the mortgage.
Each loan program computes this fee differently:
The payout options from proprietary reverse mortgages vary. For example, the Financial Freedom Cash Advantage Account can only be paid out in cash or as a line of credit.
Periodic Rate Adjustments: Periodic Rate Adjustments refers to the periodic adjustment to the Fully Indexed rate. The adjustment period varies by product, monthly, bi-annually or annually. The adjustment amount is the difference between the Index Base Rate at the beginning of the period and the Index Base Rate at the end of the period.
Primary Residence: A reverse mortgage can only be taken on a primary residence. A primary residence is defined as the property you occupy for more than 50% of the year.
Programs/Reverse Mortgage Programs: Most Reverse Mortgages are one of the following three programs:
Proprietary Reverse Mortgages: Sometimes referred to as Jumbo Reverse Mortgages or private reverse mortgages. These loans are not government insured and offer a variety of option and lending limits. Generally speaking they offer higher lending limits, which allow borrowers with high equity homes to access a larger percentage of the equity than possible with the HECM products. Although upfront closing costs may be waived, often the long term cost of these loans is greater.
Qualifications: The primary qualifying factors for receiving a Reverse Mortgage is that you are 62 years old or older, own your home and intend to continue living there.
There are no income, health or credit qualifications.
Service Fee Set Aside: The Servicing Set-Aside is an amount of money taken out of the loan funds to cover the future costs of monthly service fees charged to the loan. Typically these fees are between $20 and $35 dollars; capped by the federal government. Unlike the other costs financed in the loan, the Servicing Set-Aside is not added to the principal of the loan initially, but on a month-by-month basis as the monthly fee is applied. The Cash Account Advantage program does not have a Servicing Set-Aside fee, but the Monthly Service Fee is added to the balance of the loan automatically.
Servicing Fee: The Servicing Fee is a small monthly charge that covers the cost of maintaining your loan.
Tenure Option: Regarding a Reverse Mortgage, Tenure Option refers to a payout option for your loan. The Tenure Option gives you equal monthly payments (like an annuity) for as long as you occupy your home.
Term: This is a Reverse Mortgage payout option that pays you equal monthly payments for a fixed period of time (like an annuity). Other Reverse Mortgage payment options include: Line of Credit, Cash, Tenure and Modified Tenure. And, Reverse Mortgage payouts can be customized with a mix of different payout options.
Third Party Closing Costs: See Closing Costs.
Total Annual Loan Cost (TALC): The TALC is the average combined annual costs of your Reverse Mortgage loan. This is a useful figure to use when comparing different loans.
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